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国家发改委回应供暖季能源保供:坚决做到“限电不拉闸”“限电不限民用” 北极星电力网网信彩票 来源:国家发展改革委 2021/9/29 17:37:26
日期:2021年09月30日 10:4422

北(bei)极(ji)星火(huo)力发电网讯:国家(jia)发展(zhan)改(gai)革委经济运行调节局负责同志就(jiu)今冬(dong)明春能源保(bao)供(gong)工作答记者(zhe)问


问:近日一些地方拉闸限电(dian),引发社会对冬季能源保(bao)供的担(dan)心(xin),发展改革委准备(bei)采取哪些措施保(bao)障冬季能源供应?


答:党中(zhong)央、国务院(yuan)高度重视供(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)暖季(ji)能(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)保(bao)(bao)(bao)(bao)供(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)工作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo),作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)出(chu)了系统(tong)部署(shu)和(he)安(an)排。针对近期(qi)能(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)供(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)需(xu)偏紧的(de)情(qing)况,国家发展改革(ge)委正会同(tong)(tong)(tong)(tong)有关方面(mian)(mian)坚(jian)(jian)持以人民为中(zhong)心,坚(jian)(jian)持系统(tong)观念,坚(jian)(jian)持问题(ti)导(dao)(dao)向,坚(jian)(jian)持底线思维,多措并举(ju)加强供(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)需(xu)调节(jie)(jie),重点从六个方面(mian)(mian)采取措施,确(que)保(bao)(bao)(bao)(bao)今(jin)冬明春能(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)稳(wen)(wen)定(ding)(ding)(ding)供(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)应(ying)(ying),确(que)保(bao)(bao)(bao)(bao)居(ju)民用(yong)(yong)能(neng)安(an)全。一(yi)是(shi)多渠道增加能(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)保(bao)(bao)(bao)(bao)供(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)资源(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)。依(yi)(yi)法依(yi)(yi)规释放煤(mei)(mei)炭(tan)先进产(chan)(chan)能(neng),有序(xu)(xu)增加煤(mei)(mei)炭(tan)进口(kou),尽力增加国内天(tian)然气产(chan)(chan)量,保(bao)(bao)(bao)(bao)持中(zhong)亚管道气进口(kou)稳(wen)(wen)定(ding)(ding)(ding),压实(shi)(shi)(shi)责任保(bao)(bao)(bao)(bao)障煤(mei)(mei)电(dian)(dian)气电(dian)(dian)机组应(ying)(ying)发尽发。二是(shi)发挥好中(zhong)长期(qi)合(he)(he)(he)(he)(he)同(tong)(tong)(tong)(tong)“压舱石”作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)用(yong)(yong)。推动(dong)发电(dian)(dian)供(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)热(re)用(yong)(yong)煤(mei)(mei)中(zhong)长期(qi)合(he)(he)(he)(he)(he)同(tong)(tong)(tong)(tong)直保(bao)(bao)(bao)(bao)全覆盖(gai),全面(mian)(mian)签订年度和(he)供(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)暖季(ji)供(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)气合(he)(he)(he)(he)(he)同(tong)(tong)(tong)(tong),及(ji)早锁(suo)定(ding)(ding)(ding)资源(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)。三是(shi)进一(yi)步(bu)做好有序(xu)(xu)用(yong)(yong)能(neng)工作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)。指导(dao)(dao)地(di)方科学合(he)(he)(he)(he)(he)理(li)制(zhi)定(ding)(ding)(ding)有序(xu)(xu)用(yong)(yong)能(neng)方案,完善动(dong)态(tai)调整机制(zhi),切(qie)实(shi)(shi)(shi)做到用(yong)(yong)户知情(qing)、合(he)(he)(he)(he)(he)同(tong)(tong)(tong)(tong)约定(ding)(ding)(ding),确(que)保(bao)(bao)(bao)(bao)方案可(ke)(ke)执行(xing)(xing)、可(ke)(ke)操作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo),科学实(shi)(shi)(shi)施。坚(jian)(jian)守民生(sheng)用(yong)(yong)能(neng)保(bao)(bao)(bao)(bao)供(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)底线,坚(jian)(jian)决避(bi)免压限居(ju)民用(yong)(yong)能(neng)的(de)情(qing)况发生(sheng)。四是(shi)发挥好能(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)储备和(he)应(ying)(ying)急保(bao)(bao)(bao)(bao)障能(neng)力的(de)重要(yao)作(zuo)(zuo)(zuo)用(yong)(yong)。督促(cu)电(dian)(dian)厂(chang)在供(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)暖季(ji)前将存煤(mei)(mei)提高到安(an)全水平(ping)之上,加快推进应(ying)(ying)急备用(yong)(yong)和(he)调峰电(dian)(dian)源(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)能(neng)力建设,严(yan)格(ge)落实(shi)(shi)(shi)储气设施注(zhu)气进度,确(que)保(bao)(bao)(bao)(bao)入冬前注(zhu)满。五是(shi)合(he)(he)(he)(he)(he)理(li)疏导(dao)(dao)用(yong)(yong)能(neng)成(cheng)本(ben)。在确(que)保(bao)(bao)(bao)(bao)民生(sheng)、农业、公益性领域用(yong)(yong)能(neng)价(jia)格(ge)稳(wen)(wen)定(ding)(ding)(ding)的(de)情(qing)况下(xia),严(yan)格(ge)按价(jia)格(ge)政策合(he)(he)(he)(he)(he)理(li)疏导(dao)(dao)能(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)企(qi)业生(sheng)产(chan)(chan)运行(xing)(xing)成(cheng)本(ben)。六是(shi)有效控制(zhi)不(bu)合(he)(he)(he)(he)(he)理(li)能(neng)源(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)需(xu)求(qiu)。坚(jian)(jian)决遏制(zhi)“两(liang)高”网信(xin)彩票不(bu)合(he)(he)(he)(he)(he)理(li)用(yong)(yong)能(neng)需(xu)求(qiu),推动(dong)主要(yao)耗煤(mei)(mei)行(xing)(xing)业节(jie)(jie)煤(mei)(mei)限煤(mei)(mei)。


近年来,我们贯(guan)彻(che)落实(shi)党中央、国(guo)务院(yuan)决策部署,持之以恒推进能(neng)源产供储销(xiao)体(ti)系建(jian)设,能(neng)源供应保障能(neng)力(li)稳步提(ti)高(gao)。今冬(dong)明春我国(guo)能(neng)源供应是有(you)保障的,我们有(you)资源、有(you)条件、有(you)能(neng)力(li)保障人民群众温暖过(guo)冬(dong)。


问:东北地(di)区是冬季(ji)能(neng)源保(bao)供(gong)的重(zhong)中之重(zhong),社会关注度高,请问将采(cai)取哪些针对性保(bao)供(gong)措施(shi)?


答:东(dong)北(bei)(bei)(bei)地(di)区天气(qi)严寒(han),采(cai)暖季(ji)长,居民(min)对采(cai)暖要求高(gao),社会关注度高(gao),做(zuo)好东(dong)北(bei)(bei)(bei)地(di)区冬季(ji)能源保供工作(zuo)责(ze)任重(zhong)大、极为(wei)关键。国家(jia)发展改革委将(jiang)会同相关部门加大协调力(li)度,向(xiang)东(dong)北(bei)(bei)(bei)地(di)区倾斜资(zi)源,全(quan)力(li)保障东(dong)北(bei)(bei)(bei)能源运行平稳。


一是(shi)增加东(dong)北(bei)(bei)地(di)区发(fa)电有效出力(li)。组(zu)织中央发(fa)电企业结合(he)(he)采暖期供暖安排(pai),合(he)(he)理安排(pai)机(ji)组(zu)检修,在(zai)确保安全的前提(ti)(ti)下,提(ti)(ti)高煤电机(ji)组(zu)开机(ji)水平,切实提(ti)(ti)升电力(li)供应能力(li)。优(you)化电力(li)运行方式,加强东(dong)北(bei)(bei)地(di)区各省份统筹互济,合(he)(he)理调整东(dong)北(bei)(bei)地(di)区外(wai)送电。


二(er)是确保(bao)东北地(di)区发(fa)电取暖用(yong)煤(mei)足额供(gong)(gong)应(ying)。在已(yi)签(qian)订年度煤(mei)炭中长(zhang)期合同(tong)(tong)基(ji)础(chu)上,又组(zu)织产(chan)运(yun)需(xu)企业(ye)(ye)集中补签(qian)了(le)一批中长(zhang)期合同(tong)(tong),实现东北三省发(fa)电供(gong)(gong)热(re)用(yong)煤(mei)中长(zhang)期合同(tong)(tong)全覆盖,采暖季(ji)发(fa)电供(gong)(gong)热(re)用(yong)煤(mei)资源已(yi)得到落实。同(tong)(tong)时,在晋陕蒙地(di)区选取一批条件(jian)好的煤(mei)矿列为冬季(ji)重(zhong)点(dian)应(ying)急保(bao)供(gong)(gong)煤(mei)矿,在用(yong)煤(mei)高峰期阶段性释放产(chan)能(neng),重(zhong)点(dian)保(bao)障(zhang)东北地(di)区。引(yin)导发(fa)电供(gong)(gong)热(re)企业(ye)(ye)加大进(jin)口煤(mei)炭采购力度,提前锁定资源和价(jia)格,做到应(ying)进(jin)尽(jin)进(jin)早(zao)进(jin)。


三是提升东(dong)北地(di)区有(you)序用(yong)电(dian)管理水平。指导东(dong)北地(di)区在(zai)当前有(you)序用(yong)电(dian)方案基(ji)础上(shang)进一步(bu)完善,确保居民(min)、农业等(deng)民(min)生领域用(yong)户(hu)用(yong)电(dian)不(bu)(bu)受影(ying)响。建立(li)各级政府(fu)主管部门(men)、电(dian)网企业联合(he)工作机制(zhi),在(zai)执行有(you)序用(yong)电(dian)过程中严(yan)格做(zuo)到提前告(gao)知用(yong)户(hu),鼓励和引(yin)导用(yong)户(hu)主动错峰用(yong)电(dian),坚(jian)决做(zuo)到“限(xian)电(dian)不(bu)(bu)拉闸”“限(xian)电(dian)不(bu)(bu)限(xian)民(min)用(yong)”,确保电(dian)力(li)运(yun)行平稳。


问(wen):在今年迎峰(feng)度冬(dong)能(neng)源保(bao)供工(gong)作中(zhong),如何保(bao)障民生用能(neng)需(xu)要,确保(bao)群众安全温(wen)暖过冬(dong)?


答:习近平总(zong)书(shu)记时刻关心民(min)(min)生冷暖(nuan),多次(ci)对保(bao)障(zhang)民(min)(min)生用(yong)能需要、确(que)保(bao)群众安全温暖(nuan)过冬作(zuo)出重(zhong)要指示批(pi)(pi)示。李克强总(zong)理(li)等领导同志先后就做好民(min)(min)生用(yong)能保(bao)障(zhang)作(zuo)出重(zhong)要批(pi)(pi)示和(he)工(gong)作(zuo)部署。国家(jia)发展改革(ge)委会同各地(di)、有关部门和(he)企(qi)业,坚持以人民(min)(min)为中心的发展思(si)想,始终把(ba)确(que)保(bao)民(min)(min)生用(yong)能作(zuo)为保(bao)供工(gong)作(zuo)的重(zhong)中之重(zhong)。


一(yi)是(shi)民(min)(min)生(sheng)(sheng)用(yong)(yong)能将(jiang)在资(zi)源上做到(dao)充(chong)分保(bao)障(zhang)(zhang)(zhang)。民(min)(min)生(sheng)(sheng)用(yong)(yong)能占(zhan)(zhan)我们(men)整(zheng)个(ge)供(gong)应(ying)的比重不(bu)(bu)高,居民(min)(min)用(yong)(yong)电(dian)占(zhan)(zhan)全(quan)部(bu)用(yong)(yong)电(dian)的不(bu)(bu)到(dao)20%,民(min)(min)生(sheng)(sheng)用(yong)(yong)气(qi)(qi)(qi)占(zhan)(zhan)全(quan)部(bu)用(yong)(yong)气(qi)(qi)(qi)不(bu)(bu)到(dao)50%,有(you)能力、有(you)条件给予全(quan)额保(bao)障(zhang)(zhang)(zhang)。为保(bao)障(zhang)(zhang)(zhang)民(min)(min)生(sheng)(sheng)用(yong)(yong)能供(gong)应(ying),很重要(yao)的一(yi)项(xiang)措施(shi)就是(shi)对民(min)(min)生(sheng)(sheng)用(yong)(yong)能实(shi)(shi)行合同(tong)全(quan)覆(fu)盖(gai)。为此,已组织煤(mei)炭企(qi)(qi)业与发(fa)电(dian)企(qi)(qi)业签(qian)订电(dian)煤(mei)中长协(xie),实(shi)(shi)现对发(fa)电(dian)供(gong)热(re)用(yong)(yong)煤(mei)全(quan)覆(fu)盖(gai)。同(tong)时(shi),组织供(gong)气(qi)(qi)(qi)企(qi)(qi)业和(he)地(di)方全(quan)面签(qian)订供(gong)气(qi)(qi)(qi)合同(tong),对民(min)(min)生(sheng)(sheng)用(yong)(yong)气(qi)(qi)(qi)合同(tong)全(quan)覆(fu)盖(gai)。要(yao)求各地(di)将(jiang)燃气(qi)(qi)(qi)公(gong)交车、出租车全(quan)部(bu)纳(na)入民(min)(min)生(sheng)(sheng)用(yong)(yong)气(qi)(qi)(qi)范围予以保(bao)障(zhang)(zhang)(zhang)。


二是民(min)(min)生用(yong)能严格按(an)价(jia)(jia)(jia)格政(zheng)(zheng)策保(bao)持稳定。我(wo)国对民(min)(min)生用(yong)电用(yong)气都有明确的价(jia)(jia)(jia)格政(zheng)(zheng)策。对居(ju)民(min)(min)生活(huo)用(yong)电实(shi)行政(zheng)(zheng)府(fu)定价(jia)(jia)(jia)。对居(ju)民(min)(min)生活(huo)用(yong)气实(shi)行基准门站价(jia)(jia)(jia)格加合理(li)浮动机制(zhi)管理(li)。在当前(qian)国际能源价(jia)(jia)(jia)格大涨的情况下,相(xiang)关(guan)各(ge)方很好地贯彻执行了这(zhei)些政(zheng)(zheng)策要求。民(min)(min)生用(yong)电用(yong)气价(jia)(jia)(jia)格将严格按(an)价(jia)(jia)(jia)格政(zheng)(zheng)策保(bao)持基本(ben)稳定。


三(san)是(shi)切实完(wan)善(shan)民(min)(min)(min)(min)生(sheng)(sheng)用(yong)(yong)能(neng)保(bao)障(zhang)的(de)责任机制和技术(shu)条件。近年来,随(sui)着人民(min)(min)(min)(min)生(sheng)(sheng)活水平不断(duan)(duan)提高(gao)(gao),冬季高(gao)(gao)峰(feng)期(qi)取暖用(yong)(yong)电(dian)用(yong)(yong)气需求不断(duan)(duan)攀升,加大了调峰(feng)保(bao)供的(de)难(nan)度(du)。部(bu)分(fen)时段必须坚持民(min)(min)(min)(min)生(sheng)(sheng)优先,统(tong)筹协调好(hao)保(bao)障(zhang)民(min)(min)(min)(min)生(sheng)(sheng)用(yong)(yong)能(neng)和部(bu)分(fen)工商(shang)业生(sheng)(sheng)产用(yong)(yong)能(neng)的(de)关系(xi)。为此(ci),我(wo)们组织各地和煤炭、电(dian)力、天然气供应企业建立(li)了可(ke)中(zhong)断(duan)(duan)调峰(feng)用(yong)(yong)户(hu)清单,制定了压减预案,必要时科学有序实施“压非保(bao)民(min)(min)(min)(min)”,既要兜(dou)住民(min)(min)(min)(min)生(sheng)(sheng)用(yong)(yong)能(neng)底线,也要把对经(jing)济社会发展(zhan)的(de)影响降到最(zui)低。


保障民生用能(neng)需要是各(ge)级人民政府(fu)和(he)相关(guan)企(qi)业共同的(de)责(ze)(ze)任(ren)(ren)。地方须落实好保障民生用能(neng)的(de)主体责(ze)(ze)任(ren)(ren),供能(neng)企(qi)业须落实好民生用能(neng)的(de)供应保障责(ze)(ze)任(ren)(ren)。只要相关(guan)各(ge)方切(qie)实履行好责(ze)(ze)任(ren)(ren),共同把(ba)各(ge)项保供措施落实到(dao)位,完全能(neng)够保障好民生用能(neng)需要,确保群众安全温暖过冬。


问:请问迎(ying)峰度(du)冬期间电(dian)力供需形(xing)势(shi)如何?下一步将采取(qu)哪些措(cuo)施保障迎(ying)峰度(du)冬期间电(dian)力供应?


答:今年冬(dong)(dong)季(ji),受经济(ji)稳定增(zeng)(zeng)长(zhang)、取暖用电(dian)快(kuai)速增(zeng)(zeng)加(jia)(jia)(jia)等因(yin)素影(ying)响,预计全(quan)国(guo)最(zui)高(gao)用电(dian)负荷将(jiang)逐步(bu)攀升,有(you)可(ke)能(neng)超(chao)过今年夏(xia)季(ji)和去(qu)年冬(dong)(dong)季(ji)峰值。国(guo)家发展改革委将(jiang)会同(tong)有(you)关方面全(quan)力(li)(li)(li)增(zeng)(zeng)加(jia)(jia)(jia)电(dian)力(li)(li)(li)供(gong)应保(bao)障能(neng)力(li)(li)(li),加(jia)(jia)(jia)强运行协调调度,确保(bao)电(dian)力(li)(li)(li)可(ke)靠供(gong)应。今年冬(dong)(dong)季(ji)全(quan)国(guo)总装(zhuang)机将(jiang)达(da)到24亿(yi)千(qian)(qian)(qian)瓦(wa)左右,同(tong)比增(zeng)(zeng)加(jia)(jia)(jia)约2亿(yi)千(qian)(qian)(qian)瓦(wa),有(you)效顶(ding)峰负荷将(jiang)再提(ti)高(gao)6000万(wan)千(qian)(qian)(qian)瓦(wa)以上,顶(ding)峰发电(dian)能(neng)力(li)(li)(li)可(ke)以超(chao)过12亿(yi)千(qian)(qian)(qian)瓦(wa)以上,全(quan)国(guo)最(zui)大发电(dian)能(neng)力(li)(li)(li)能(neng)够保(bao)障最(zui)高(gao)用电(dian)负荷需求(qiu),我们有(you)信心有(you)能(neng)力(li)(li)(li)做好冬(dong)(dong)季(ji)电(dian)力(li)(li)(li)保(bao)供(gong)。


一是做好(hao)发电用(yong)煤用(yong)气(qi)保(bao)障。加(jia)强(qiang)供(gong)(gong)(gong)需形势研判,压实地方和(he)企业保(bao)供(gong)(gong)(gong)责任,提前(qian)制定冬季电力用(yong)煤用(yong)气(qi)保(bao)供(gong)(gong)(gong)方案,落实好(hao)资源和(he)运力,做好(hao)入冬前(qian)煤炭(tan)、天然气(qi)储备(bei),保(bao)障发电用(yong)煤用(yong)气(qi)充足供(gong)(gong)(gong)应。


二是统筹加(jia)强电力(li)(li)保供(gong)能力(li)(li)建设。加(jia)快(kuai)推(tui)进重要电源(yuan)电网(wang)网(wang)信彩票建设,保障煤电、气电机组充(chong)分(fen)出力(li)(li),促进清(qing)洁能源(yuan)多发(fa)满发(fa),多渠道提升电力(li)(li)供(gong)应能力(li)(li)。


三是按价格(ge)(ge)政策合理疏导发电(dian)成本。指导各地切实组织好电(dian)力(li)市(shi)场(chang)交易,严格(ge)(ge)落实燃煤发电(dian)“基准价+上下浮(fu)动”的市(shi)场(chang)化价格(ge)(ge)机(ji)制,让更多电(dian)量进入市(shi)场(chang)交易,不得(de)对市(shi)场(chang)价格(ge)(ge)在(zai)合理范围内的正常浮(fu)动进行不当干预,让价格(ge)(ge)合理反(fan)映电(dian)力(li)供需和成本变化。


四是科学制定实施(shi)有(you)序(xu)用电(dian)方案。做到“三个必(bi)须坚(jian)(jian)(jian)持(chi)(chi)”。必(bi)须坚(jian)(jian)(jian)持(chi)(chi)“压非保民(min)”,严(yan)格保障民(min)生和重(zhong)要(yao)用户(hu)(hu)用电(dian)。必(bi)须坚(jian)(jian)(jian)持(chi)(chi)“用户(hu)(hu)知情、合同约定”,确保企业对可中(zhong)断负荷规(gui)模、执(zhi)行条件(jian)等充分了解,组(zu)织供(gong)电(dian)企业、用户(hu)(hu)、政(zheng)府主(zhu)管(guan)部门签(qian)订合同或协议。必(bi)须坚(jian)(jian)(jian)持(chi)(chi)“限电(dian)不拉(la)闸”,科学安排有(you)序(xu)用电(dian),严(yan)格落实有(you)序(xu)用电(dian),严(yan)禁拉(la)闸限电(dian)。


问(wen):今冬明春(chun)采暖季煤(mei)炭(tan)供需(xu)形势如何,下一步(bu)采取哪(na)些(xie)措施保障煤(mei)炭(tan)稳定供应(ying)?


答:煤(mei)(mei)炭(tan)(tan)(tan)仍是(shi)我(wo)国(guo)(guo)(guo)目前的(de)主(zhu)体能(neng)源,在国(guo)(guo)(guo)家能(neng)源供(gong)(gong)(gong)应(ying)(ying)中发(fa)挥着重要(yao)的(de)基础和(he)兜底保(bao)障作用。经过近几年(nian)(nian)持续推(tui)进煤(mei)(mei)炭(tan)(tan)(tan)产供(gong)(gong)(gong)储销体系(xi)建(jian)设,我(wo)国(guo)(guo)(guo)煤(mei)(mei)炭(tan)(tan)(tan)生产供(gong)(gong)(gong)应(ying)(ying)和(he)应(ying)(ying)急保(bao)障能(neng)力(li)大幅提升。今(jin)(jin)年(nian)(nian)以来(lai),受(shou)我(wo)国(guo)(guo)(guo)经济持续恢复和(he)国(guo)(guo)(guo)际大宗能(neng)源原材料价(jia)格(ge)上涨影响,我(wo)国(guo)(guo)(guo)煤(mei)(mei)炭(tan)(tan)(tan)消费(fei)超预期增长(zhang),供(gong)(gong)(gong)需偏紧(jin)。今(jin)(jin)冬明(ming)春采暖(nuan)季煤(mei)(mei)炭(tan)(tan)(tan)消费(fei)将(jiang)继续保(bao)持增长(zhang),通过进一步增加产量(liang)、增加进口(kou)、动用储备(bei)资源和(he)社会库(ku)存,煤(mei)(mei)炭(tan)(tan)(tan)供(gong)(gong)(gong)应(ying)(ying)是(shi)有保(bao)障的(de)。


按(an)照党中央(yang)、国(guo)务院决策部(bu)署,国(guo)家发(fa)(fa)(fa)展改(gai)革委始终把采暖季煤(mei)(mei)(mei)(mei)(mei)炭(tan)(tan)保(bao)供(gong)(gong)作为一项重要(yao)的(de)(de)民生(sheng)(sheng)工作,会同(tong)有(you)关方面千方百(bai)计(ji)(ji)采取(qu)有(you)力(li)有(you)效措施,确保(bao)煤(mei)(mei)(mei)(mei)(mei)炭(tan)(tan)安(an)全稳(wen)定(ding)供(gong)(gong)应(ying)(ying)。一是在确保(bao)安(an)全的(de)(de)前提下全力(li)增产(chan)(chan)增供(gong)(gong)。指导煤(mei)(mei)(mei)(mei)(mei)炭(tan)(tan)主产(chan)(chan)区(qu)和(he)(he)重点企业(ye),科学(xue)制定(ding)生(sheng)(sheng)产(chan)(chan)计(ji)(ji)划,安(an)全有(you)效释放先(xian)进(jin)产(chan)(chan)能(neng)。二是进(jin)一步核增和(he)(he)投产(chan)(chan)优(you)质产(chan)(chan)能(neng)。支(zhi)持具(ju)备(bei)条件(jian)的(de)(de)优(you)质产(chan)(chan)能(neng)煤(mei)(mei)(mei)(mei)(mei)矿释放先(xian)进(jin)产(chan)(chan)能(neng)。三是适度(du)增加煤(mei)(mei)(mei)(mei)(mei)炭(tan)(tan)进(jin)口。支(zhi)持企业(ye)用(yong)好国(guo)际资源,保(bao)持适度(du)进(jin)口规(gui)(gui)模,有(you)效补充国(guo)内供(gong)(gong)应(ying)(ying)。四(si)是着力(li)提升存煤(mei)(mei)(mei)(mei)(mei)水平(ping)。支(zhi)持地方和(he)(he)企业(ye)加强煤(mei)(mei)(mei)(mei)(mei)炭(tan)(tan)储备(bei)能(neng)力(li)建设,准备(bei)一定(ding)规(gui)(gui)模应(ying)(ying)急(ji)储备(bei)资源,着力(li)增加电厂存煤(mei)(mei)(mei)(mei)(mei)。五是重点保(bao)障(zhang)发(fa)(fa)(fa)电供(gong)(gong)热(re)用(yong)煤(mei)(mei)(mei)(mei)(mei)需要(yao)。发(fa)(fa)(fa)挥煤(mei)(mei)(mei)(mei)(mei)炭(tan)(tan)中长(zhang)期合同(tong)“压舱石”作用(yong),在年度(du)中长(zhang)期合同(tong)的(de)(de)基础(chu)上(shang),组织产(chan)(chan)运需企业(ye)补签合同(tong),推(tui)进(jin)发(fa)(fa)(fa)电供(gong)(gong)热(re)用(yong)煤(mei)(mei)(mei)(mei)(mei)中长(zhang)期合同(tong)全覆(fu)盖,同(tong)时加强履(lv)约监管,保(bao)障(zhang)发(fa)(fa)(fa)电供(gong)(gong)热(re)等民生(sheng)(sheng)用(yong)煤(mei)(mei)(mei)(mei)(mei)稳(wen)定(ding)供(gong)(gong)应(ying)(ying)和(he)(he)价(jia)格平(ping)稳(wen)。六是规(gui)(gui)范市场(chang)运行秩序(xu)。会同(tong)有(you)关部(bu)门(men)加强市场(chang)监管,严厉查处(chu)哄(hong)抬价(jia)格等违规(gui)(gui)行为,稳(wen)定(ding)社会预期。


总的看,通过采取一系列有(you)力有(you)效措(cuo)施,今冬明春采暖季用煤(mei)需求是有(you)保(bao)障的,煤(mei)炭供(gong)应(ying)水平(ping)能够确保(bao)人民群众温暖过冬。


问:近期国际天然(ran)气价格持续(xu)走(zou)高,这对我国冬季天然(ran)气保(bao)(bao)障供(gong)应(ying)带(dai)来哪些影响?如何(he)更好地保(bao)(bao)障供(gong)暖季民生用气需求?


答:今年(nian)以(yi)来,国(guo)(guo)际天然气(qi)价格持(chi)续走高(gao)。中国(guo)(guo)是(shi)天然气(qi)进口大(da)国(guo)(guo),国(guo)(guo)际气(qi)价上(shang)涨(zhang)(zhang)客观上(shang)会抬高(gao)我(wo)们(men)(men)进口使用(yong)天然气(qi)的(de)成本。得(de)益于这几年(nian)我(wo)们(men)(men)按照习(xi)近(jin)平总书记指明(ming)的(de)方向,持(chi)之以(yi)恒(heng)扎实推进天然气(qi)产供储销体系(xi)建设,大(da)力推动国(guo)(guo)内增储上(shang)产,加(jia)(jia)强进口统筹协调,加(jia)(jia)快(kuai)提升储气(qi)能(neng)力,国(guo)(guo)际气(qi)价上(shang)涨(zhang)(zhang)对(dui)(dui)我(wo)们(men)(men)的(de)影(ying)响总体是(shi)可(ke)控的(de)。特别是(shi)我(wo)国(guo)(guo)对(dui)(dui)居民用(yong)气(qi)实行(xing)基(ji)准门站(zhan)价格管理,国(guo)(guo)际气(qi)价上(shang)涨(zhang)(zhang)对(dui)(dui)居民生(sheng)活等民生(sheng)用(yong)气(qi)影(ying)响可(ke)控制到最低(di)限度。针对(dui)(dui)今冬明(ming)春(chun)国(guo)(guo)际国(guo)(guo)内天然气(qi)市场形势,我(wo)们(men)(men)会同有关部(bu)门和企业(ye),及(ji)早采(cai)取措施保障(zhang)天然气(qi)安全(quan)稳定供应(ying),确保群众安全(quan)温暖过冬。


一(yi)是冬(dong)季保供(gong)气(qi)(qi)源有(you)明显增加。组织上游供(gong)气(qi)(qi)企业(ye)大力推进(jin)国内增储上产(chan)(chan),前(qian)8个月国内生(sheng)产(chan)(chan)天然(ran)气(qi)(qi)1361亿立(li)方米(mi),同比增长(zhang)10.8%,供(gong)暖季期(qi)间(jian)将(jiang)继续保持安全高负荷生(sheng)产(chan)(chan)。指(zhi)导企业(ye)及早安排采购现货(huo)LNG资源,保持管道气(qi)(qi)进(jin)口稳定(ding)。截(jie)至目前(qian),已提前(qian)锁(suo)定(ding)冬(dong)季保供(gong)资源1744亿立(li)方米(mi),做好今(jin)冬(dong)天然(ran)气(qi)(qi)保供(gong)工作(zuo)我们是有(you)底气(qi)(qi)的。


二是(shi)实现了中长(zhang)(zhang)期(qi)合同(tong)(tong)全(quan)覆盖。组织上游供(gong)(gong)(gong)气(qi)企业和各地全(quan)面签订(ding)全(quan)年和供(gong)(gong)(gong)暖季合同(tong)(tong),绝大多数省区(qu)市签订(ding)合同(tong)(tong)量都比上年实际消费量有一定(ding)增(zeng)长(zhang)(zhang),为(wei)保障供(gong)(gong)(gong)暖季高峰期(qi)天然气(qi)供(gong)(gong)(gong)需关系稳(wen)定(ding)奠定(ding)了坚实基础。供(gong)(gong)(gong)暖季期(qi)间(jian),我们将督促(cu)各方严格按照合同(tong)(tong)保障供(gong)(gong)(gong)用气(qi),维护(hu)好供(gong)(gong)(gong)用气(qi)秩序。


三(san)是调峰保(bao)供(gong)能力明(ming)显增强。今年入冬(dong)前全国可(ke)形成(cheng)储(chu)气量超过270亿立(li)方(fang)米,比上年进一步提(ti)升,冬(dong)季高峰期每天可(ke)动用(yong)储(chu)气超过2亿立(li)方(fang)米。同(tong)时(shi),准备了一定规(gui)模(mo)的应急储(chu)气量,确(que)保(bao)应急调峰需要(yao)。坚持底(di)线思(si)维,指导地(di)方(fang)和企业更新(xin)完善了3亿立(li)方(fang)米/天的可(ke)中断非居民(min)用(yong)户(hu)清单,制定了分级压减预(yu)案,做(zuo)到随(sui)时(shi)可(ke)用(yong),确(que)保(bao)居民(min)生活、供(gong)暖等民(min)生用(yong)气需要(yao)。确(que)需实施有序用(yong)气的地(di)方(fang),也要(yao)坚决做(zuo)到“压非保(bao)民(min)”“限气不(bu)关阀”。


四是对民(min)(min)生用(yong)气(qi)(qi)加强重(zhong)点保(bao)障(zhang)。对民(min)(min)生用(yong)气(qi)(qi)全部纳(na)入合(he)同保(bao)障(zhang)范围,落实(shi)保(bao)障(zhang)供用(yong)气(qi)(qi)责任(ren)。协调上游供气(qi)(qi)企(qi)业对北方清(qing)洁取暖重(zhong)点地区在(zai)气(qi)(qi)源保(bao)障(zhang)上给予倾(qing)斜支(zhi)持。冬季高峰期,对个别地区、部分时段出现供应偏紧情况,将及时加强调度,确保(bao)民(min)(min)生等重(zhong)点用(yong)气(qi)(qi)需要(yao)。


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